Digital advances have brought new challenges for Europe’s pupils, students and teachers. Algorithms used by social media sites and news portals can be powerful amplifiers of bias or fake news, while data privacy has become a key concern in the digital society. EU citizens, but above all young students are vulnerable to cyber bullying and harassment, predatory behaviour or disturbing online content.

What does the European Commission urge Member States for?

The 2016 Council Conclusions urged MS to promote Media Literacy, Critical Thinking and Digital Competences, including safety, security and privacy, as skills which are preconditions for active participation in democratic life and for enhancing employability and, as such, should be acquired by learners of all ages. In support to the above, the 2018 Digital Education Action Plan puts great emphasis on effectively tackling the challenges digital transformation creates for on-line safety and cyber hygiene.